Nutrition during pregnancy is very important for pregnant women and fetuses. Comprehensive, balanced, and sufficient nutrition will benefit mothers and babies for life. On the contrary, it will have adverse effects on mothers and fetuses during pregnancy, time, and postpartum.
Nutrition mainly comes from diet, so what should mothers eat throughout pregnancy?How to eat?
During the different periods of pregnancy, the focus of fetal development and mother’s nutrition are different. We divide the entire pregnancy into the following three issues:
Early pregnancy (1-3 months of pregnancy)
It is mainly to prevent abortion, fetal dysplasia, and response to pregnancy vomiting
Diet: light, easy to digest and absorb.When you are pregnant, you should eat less and eat more, and you should go to the hospital in time.Choose food rich in high -quality protein, multiple vitamins, trace elements.Such as: milk, eggs, soy products, vegetables, nuts, etc.
In the second trimester (4-7 months of pregnancy)
Basic metabolism has increased, uterus, breasts, and placenta develop, and the fetus grows fast.
In terms of diet: eat more foods rich in calcium, iron, protein, vitamins and other foods, coarse, fine grains, vegetables and fruits, the non -staple food is diverse, and the intake of fat, sugar, and salt is controlled.
In the third trimester (8-10 months of pregnancy)
Fetal brain development, increased metabolic activity, is about to be in the basin
In terms of diet: Eat less fruits, especially those with high sugar content, limited rice noodles, fat intake, avoiding too much weight gain and too large fetal fetuses.Eat more vegetables, tofu, soy milk, kelp, fish, animal liver, etc.
What do you eat and how to eat?
There are many types of foods that contain protein, vitamins, sugar, fat, trace elements, etc., and expectant mothers must also combine their personal dietary preferences on the premise of having nutritional balance and total control concepts.
A basic daily diet for mothers for reference:
1. A glass of milk a day
2. 200-250g of carbohydrates per day.
3. 3 units of high -quality protein per day.
1 Unit high -quality protein = pork 1 two = fish 2 two = egg 1
4. There are thick and fine, not sweet and not salty, eat less meals, seven or eight full.
5. 500g of vegetables per day.
Overall, it is:
Five high: high folic acid, high protein, high -speed rail, high calcium, high calories
One low: low fat
May expecting mothers spend a healthy and happy pregnancy time!
Have a cute, smart baby!