Through an article today, I explained the relationship between HPV and cervical cancer in detail. The main content is as follows:
HPV is the abbreviation of "human papilloma virus". It belongs to herpes virus, which can cause squamous epithelium proliferation of human skin and mucous membranes, manifested as symptoms such as ordinary warts and genital warts.
Studies have shown that the following groups have a greater chance of infection with HPV:
Premature sex partners; too many sexual partners;
There has been a history of smoking in the history of artificial flow;
Sexual communication spreads maternal and infants through contact with infected people’s clothing, daily necessities, etc.
Infection of infants infected by pregnant women’s birth canal infection;
Improper protection of medical staff …
The main cause of cervical cancer:
Continuous infection of high -risk human papilloma virus
2. Infected HPV, what should I do?
Almost in women’s life, HPV virus is almost infected.About 90%of them are asymptomatic infections.In other words, it is removed by the human immune system when the disease has not occurred, and no treatment is required.
However, about 10%of the infected people failed to clear the virus.When the high -risk virus continues to infection (referring to the HPV virus with the same sub -type for more than 2 years), the virus will slowly erode normal cervical cells and eventually evolve into pre -cancer lesions or even cervical cancer.
This process takes a long time, ranging from 8-12 years.During this period, as long as timely physical examination and treatment and treatment on time, it can completely prevent the disease from deteriorating.
So even if the HPV is positive, there is no need to panic.Even if the virus does not naturally fade, it is necessary to meet the necessary conditions for high -risk virus and continuous infection, so that there will be a certain probability of developing cervical cancer.
There are not only one type of HPV virus, and more than 100 types have been found!According to the possibility of carcinogenic, it can be divided into low -risk and high -risk types.Among them, the high -risk HPV 16 and 18 types have the closest relationship with cancer, and more than 70%of cervical cancer are related to them.
According to the type of HPV vaccine prevention, it can be divided into two -valent, quadruple and nine -valent.Vaccinations of different prices are also suitable for people and preventive effects.Nine -valent vaccine prevention has the most virus models, and the prevention effect on cervical cancer is also the best.If you do not get a nine -valent vaccine, you can first consider two or four -valent vaccines, and they can prevent the most harmful HPV 16 and 18 viruses.
The following picture shows the process of cervical cancer after HPV infection:
uncertain.Although sexual life increases the probability of HPV infection, it cannot be divided into chaos with HPV virus and sexual life.For example, not paying attention to menstrual hygiene, more than 5 childbirth, long -term oral contraceptives, etc., will increase the chance of infection with HPV.Therefore, infection HPV does not mean that it is often stained with flowers, and there is no need to taboo diseases and doctors.
no.Only by continuously infected high -risk HPVs and slowly eroding normal cervix can it eventually evolve into pre -cancer lesions and even cancer.This evolution process takes about 8-12 years.During this period, as long as it is discovered and treated in time, it can prevent the disease from deteriorating.
Even if HPV is infected, vaccine is effective; not only can prevent unintentional HPV models, but also to prevent the same HPV infection of the same species.
Even the best nine -valent vaccine can only prevent 90%of cervical cancer.If you want to better prevent, you need to do cervical screening regularly.
It contains two types of inspections:
HPV examination: See if to infected with high -risk HPV virus?
TCT examination: Watch out whether there are abnormal changes in cervical cells?
If you have a sexual life, women aged 21-29 do TCT every 3 years and do TCT+HPV every 5 years at 30-65 years old.
On the whole, the International believes that HPV vaccines are a relatively safe vaccine that is widely used worldwide and has been recognized and advocated by the World Health Organization and the US Food and Drug Administration.
After vaccination, a small number of people will have mild symptoms such as nausea, fatigue or joint pain, redness and swelling of the vaccination site, but they will soon recover.
There are more than 100 types of HPV models that have been discovered. HPV vaccines cannot prevent all types of viruses, and the protection period of this vaccine is not effective for life.The data given by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control is 6 years, because there is no longer data analysis; whether there is a longer protection period, it can only be left for time to answer.
Age is not absolute. The key is to see if there is a sexual life. The HPV vaccine is the best effect on women who are not a sexual life.
The best vaccination age of domestic binary vaccines that can be made now is a 9-25-year-old woman.
It is reported that the domestic four-price vaccine has been approved by the country and is expected to be listed at the end of the year. The applicable age is 20-45 years.
At present, no HPV vaccine has a adverse effect on the fetus, but it is not recommended for pregnant women.
If you are pregnant within 6 months of vaccine vaccination, you don’t have to worry about the health of the fetus, but it is recommended to stop the vaccination until you have a child.
The HP vaccine is divided into three stitches, which takes about 6 months to complete.
Start for the first time, the second time after the second month, and the last time after 6 months.
Yes, the impact is not great, but it is best to follow the doctor’s advice.
You can fight!There are many benefits of men’s vaccine; in addition to preventing penile and anal cancer, they can also prevent HPV virus from transmitting HPV virus to partners.
In order to protect our cervix, TCT examination is performed on a regular basis, and HPV examinations are jointly conducted. If necessary, a colposcopy and cervical biopsy will be performed. As early as possible, they will go to the hospital as soon as possible and inoculate the HPV vaccine as soon as possible.