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During pregnancy, especially after 14 weeks of pregnancy, not only should we continue to add nutrients such as iodine, iron and vitamin D in the early stages of pregnancy.In addition, it is necessary to increase comprehensive nutrition such as protein and vitamins.However, do not advocate eating health products.
When iodine is supplemented, we must understand that as long as the region where pregnant women live, iodine salt is supplied, indicating that it is a iodine deficiency area, and pregnant women need to supplement iodine.Intone supplementation depends on drugs, and food supplementation is not reliable.At present, it is mostly supplemented by iodine -containing vitamins. Only current products in China are iodine.There are many foreign varieties. As long as iodine intake is between 150 and 230 every day, it can meet the needs.However, iodine must continue until the baby weaned in the future.
For pregnant women with hypothyroidism, excessive iodine intake will increase the burden on the thyroid binding globulin and increase the original mild hypothyroidism; for the normal hypotomy preparation of pregnant women, excessive iodine may cause hypothyroidism.Patients with hypothyroidism, especially patients with iodine -rich areas, are generally advocated that they are prohibited.Do not eat seafood, especially laver, kelp and other baths.However, in order to ensure sufficient iodine intake during pregnancy, women must ensure sufficient ideal iodine intake (> 150 μg/d) for a long time before pregnancy to ensure that the thyroid gland has sufficient iodine reserves.Therefore, hypothyroidism should be relieved when preparing for pregnancy.In addition to preparation women living in high iodine areas, iodine should be supplemented in other areas.Once pregnant, it is necessary to replenish iodide whether living in iodine deficiency areas or iodine -rich areas, unless iodine does not support iodine supplement.The principle is whether the thyroid function before pregnancy is normal. Even if there is hyperthyroidism, it must be supplemented by iodine.Therefore, hypothyroid women must adjust the diet structure while determining pregnancy, and eat as much as possible while eating iodized salt.Studies have shown that excessive iodine can cause low T4 bloodmate.Therefore, it is advocated to scientifically supplement iodine in the premise of monitoring urine iodine.
1. The effect of iodine deficiency on pregnant women, fetuses and babies
Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy can affect the synthesis of pregnant women and fetal thyroid hormones.The reduction of serum thyroxine levels can stimulate pituitary gland to secrete thyroid hormone (TSH), causing pregnancy women and fetal goiter.Severe iodine deficiency can lead to the increase in women’s abortion rate, death rate and perinatal infant mortality rate.Because the level of thyroid hormone is normal is the basis for ensuring the development of the fetal brain, although the fetus needs to obtain sufficient thyroid hormone during the entire pregnancy, it is particularly important in the first to 5 months of pregnancy.Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy can lead to a decline in cognitive function of their offspring, and their IQ can be reduced by about 10 to 12 points.
When the median urinary iodine of the female group of pregnancy in a certain area is 50-150 μg/L, it can be considered that there is a mild to moderate iodine deficiency.There is no concentration, polymorphism, etc.
Iron deficiency is a common problem for expectant mothers. The importance and methods of iron supplementation of pregnant women are introduced below.
You need to remind you here:
Vitamin D is deficient, which seriously affects the baby’s neuroscular development and IQ.The probability of pregnant women lacks vitamins is 55 ~ 99%, and the probability of lack of desertation during different pregnancy is not the same. However, food cannot be replenished, and the sun cannot be reliable.Drug supplements should also be effective.
Today, there are fans questioning me: Isn’t vitamin D just increased calcium absorption?What does it have to do with my baby IQ?Is there a literature proof?
2. The research results of vitamin D and fetal brain nerve development and IQ are introduced below
New Discovery of Vitamin D-It is important to brain development
Pregnant women, babies, and children should not miss vitamin D
Australian research new discovery: Children’s autism may be related to lack of vitamin D during pregnancy.
Everyone knows that vitamin D is an important ingredient of healthy bones. Australian scientists come out to popularize knowledge today: Vitamin D is also related to brain development.
There are many possibilities that trigger autism. Now, vitamin D lacks becomes one of the possibilities.A scientific research based on the blood -like data of more than 4,200 pregnant women and their children shows that children who have the characteristics of autism before the age of 6 have low vitamin D content in the body at 20 weeks of pregnancy;Evidence related to developmental disorder.In the study, define less than 25.0 nmmol as a deficiency of vitamin D.
Earlier, some scientific research data have shown that pregnant women lack vitamin D with schizophrenia, reduced bone density, and some allergic diseases, such as asthma and eczema.
Pediatric professor Whitehouse pointed out that "we can be sure that vitamin D during pregnancy is very important for fetal development."
After all, every family is looking forward to the health of the baby.The Australian media reported on the scientific research of vitamin D, which was also valued as the birth rate of spinal fracture deformity as discovered at that time.
Generally, vitamin D can be obtained through the sun. However, due to the strong sunlight in Australia, experts do not recommend everyone to dry the sun, but supplement them by orally.This preliminary result must be repeatedly proved through more data.Once it is confirmed, pregnant women in Australia supplement vitamin D must be as available as nourishing folic acid.
Earlier this year, another study published in Australia published on Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology also pointed out that vitamin D is important for children’s body development before the age of 12.
You Bao’s mother said that after reading the report, a vitamin D was immediately poured out for her children.
English original report Link: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/dec/autism-linked-deFicience-During-pregNANCHERCHERCHERS-FIND
Pictures from ABC Radio News.
Third, basic meat, eggs, milk, vegetables and fruits cannot be less
As mentioned earlier, the importance of iodine and vitamin D is aimed at mothers. Let’s talk about the importance of iron.
Meat is the foundation
All meat, especially lean meat, can not only provide high -quality protein.At the same time, you can also provide iron elements and other essential nutrients.Pregnant women must not eat meat, it is best to eat more than two kinds of meat a day.Red meat and white meat are the classification methods that everyone often uses.It is not specifically to eat which two, but it is best to match red meat and white meat.There are often iron deficiency in pregnant women, because the reason is not to eat meat; often the level of serum protein in pregnant women is reduced, and the reason is not to eat meat.
Iron deficiency affects intellectual development.
Iron deficiency anemia is one of the lack of nutritional diseases, but some parents think that they are eating well and eating well now. How can children lack nutrition?This view is not comprehensive, and iron deficiency anemia not only affects the health of the baby, but also endangers its intellectual development, so it must be paid attention to.
Fourth, baby iron deficiency will affect intellectual development
How to prevent iron deficiency anemia is one of the most noteworthy issues in the early 1000 days of life (from fetal period to 2 years old)."China 0 to 6 -year -old Child Nutrition Development Report (2012)" pointed out that the prevalence of anemia under 5 years of age in my country is relatively high. Among them, the problem of anemia for children under the age of 2 is more prominent, especially at 6 to 24 months old. The highest pathogen is the highest.
All infants and young children are likely to have iron deficiency anemia, but babies with the following or more factors are more dangerous: mothers of mothers during pregnancy, premature birth, twins or multiple fetuses, fetal blood loss, not added iron -rich supplementary foods in timeUnreasonable diet mix and gastrointestinal diseases, excessive growth and development, long -term chronic blood loss.All babies with these risk factors must not only strengthen the supply of iron, but also have a physical examination on time to find iron deficiency anemia in time.To prevent iron deficiency anemia in infants and young children, we must first start with pregnant mothers.
1. Iron nutrition should be strengthened during pregnancy to prevent anemia during pregnancy
First of all, pregnant women should consume more iron -rich foods, such as meat, animal liver and animal blood, as well as pregnant women’s milk powder, iron soy sauce, and strengthening flour.Secondly, starting from the third month of pregnancy, the daily oral iron -containing iron 60 mg of iron can last until the postpartum.Finally, monitor hemoglobin during pregnancy.Once anemia is found, you should take the iron supplementation drugs quickly.In addition, the delayed umbilical cord ligation of the childbirth can also increase the infant iron reserve.
2. Baby -choice of iron -containing supplementary food
After the baby starts to add supplementary food for 6 months, you should first choose a supplementary food rich in iron, mainly infant rice noodles (reinforced iron, the earliest add), liver and mud (6 months of attempts, officially added 7 months, to 1 to 1 to 1 to 1 to 1 to 1 to 1 to 1At the age of age, it should reach 25 to 50 grams per day).Fruit (mud) and vegetable (mud) contain vitamin C, which can promote iron absorption and should also be added daily.
It should be reminded that although eggs (egg yolk) contain more iron, it is difficult to absorb (the absorption rate is only 3%), and it is easy to cause allergies. Therefore, it is not advisable to add early, and it should be postponed to seven or eight months.Family self -made rice porridge, rice, noodles, etc. are very small, and it is not a good source of iron.
3. The children’s diet should be balanced
After the age of 1, the baby’s recipe is increasing, but it should still take 350 to 500 ml of milk per day. Children within 2 years of age that cannot continue to be breastfeed. It is recommended to choose formula milk (strengthening iron).On this basis, 1 egg, 50 grams of animal food, 100-150 grams of grain, 150 to 200 grams of vegetables, 150-200 grams of fruits and 20-25 grams of vegetable oil should be ingested every day.This can meet the requirements of diverse and balanced diet.
4. Take an iron for the baby if necessary
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2010 (AAP) suggested (the Ministry of Health’s "Technical Specifications for the Management of Children’s Nutritional Diseases" also adopted this statement).Provide iron from supplementary food.However, in 2012, AAP amended the above suggestions and believed that there was no additional iron supplement for breastfeeding within 6 months.Formulating milk powder (reinforced iron) babies can get enough iron from the milk powder without need to take iron.
However, the situation of premature babies (born before 37 weeks of fetal age) or low birth weight (birth weight <2.5 kg) should be different. The iron should be supplemented from 4 weeks./Kg of weight (for example, a baby weighing 7 kg supplement 14 mg of iron per day), until the age of 1 (the total dose of not more than 30 mg).In addition, a baby born in pregnant women who have anemia during pregnancy is also recommended to take iron.
Children who have been diagnosed as iron deficiency anemia should take 1 to 2 mg/kg of body weight per day (the total daily dose cannot exceed 30 mg). You must choose to take it in the meal.oral.At the same time, vitamin C should be taken to promote iron absorption.
Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies, and the incidence of infants and young children is particularly high.Iron deficiency anemia not only damage the baby’s immunity, but also may cause irreversible growth and cognitive development, especially affecting the performance of intellectual potential, and reduce learning ability.
5. Protein is as important as vitamins
Egg is also an important source of protein
All kinds of eggs must not be less, eat at least one type a day, at least one.Chicken, duck, goose eggs and quail eggs are all easy to get eggs.Moreover, there are many ways to make eggs.Eating only one kind of egg is often bored.
Vegetables and fruits are the source of a large amount of vitamins
Vitamin is an indispensable substance in the human body. There are many types of vitamins and cannot be supplemented by drugs. Vegetables and fruits are the best ways to supplement vitamins.It is recommended to eat at least three vegetables and three fruits a day.
Therefore, don’t catch fashion, it’s better to eat bird’s nest.Basic nutrition is a comprehensive demand, not to be solved by health products.For the health of the baby.Smart, please keep in mind the above diet.Similar issues often appear. In the future, you can check this answer, don’t ask questions often.